South Khorasan, the land of red gold, the land of dreamy deserts
South Khorasan Province (the third largest province of Iran) with an area of 150,800 square kilometers and a variety of climatic conditions is located in the east of the country. This province with the center of Birjand, from the north to Khorasan Razavi province and from the east with a length of 331 km has a common border with Afghanistan and from the west to Yazd, Isfahan and Semnan provinces and from the south to Kerman and Sistan and Baluchestan provinces. South Khorasan According to the divisions of the country, in 1383, with the approval of the Cabinet and the Islamic Consultative Assembly, with the presence of four cities, it was separated from Greater Khorasan. At present, this province has 11 cities, 28 cities, 25 districts, 61 villages and 3555 villages. The cities of this province include Birjand, Ghainat, Tabas, Ferdows, Nehbandan, Sarayan, Sarbisheh, Darmian, Bashravieh, Khosf and Zirkuh.
The land of South Khorasan has been the bed of many honors throughout its thousands of years of history, which has been due to the unique capabilities of this region. This province with its warm nature and abundant and special blessings and with kind and sincere people along with the invigorating aroma of saffron flowers is located in the easternmost point of our beloved homeland. The soil of this land is a suitable bed for the flowering of this beautiful flower and its loving skirt has been very valuable as a kind mother, nurturer of scholars, scholars and mystics. South Khorasan has a long historical background so that more than 719 historical, cultural, natural and spiritual works have been registered in the list of national monuments. Also, one of the works of Iran’s World Heritage List is located in the city of Birjand, which is a testament to the culture and civilization of this region. In addition to historical attractions, South Khorasan province also has many natural attractions. Villages and sample tourism areas of the province can be visited by tourists, which is the sample tourism area of Band Darreh in Birjand; Baghistan tourism sample area – Ferdows spa; Sample tourist area of Tun Ferdows city; Exemplary tourism area of Mosabi Karimo in Sarayan; Bouzarjmehr Ghaeni tourism sample area; Sample tourist area of Khro village and need in Tabas; Ghohestan Darmian tourism sample area; Afin Zirkuh tourist destination village; Target tourist village of Azmighan and Pirhajat, Tabas; Makhonik Sarbisheh tourist destination village; Chenesht tourist destination village; Fur Darmian tourist destination village; Khor tourist destination village; Ferdows Spa Hydrotherapy Complex, Morteza Ali Tabas Mineral Spa Spring, Lut Spa Hydrotherapy Complex; Sarbisheh water treatment complex and Dehsalam and Hyderabad desert tourism areas of Nehbandan, Hemmatabad Zirkuh, Bashravieh and Seh Qala Sarayan, Mozaffari Ferdows, Halvan Tabas and… examples of these tourist areas of South Khorasan province are considered. , Shows the depth of religious belief and love of the people of this region for the province and the Ahl al-Bayt (AS).
Capacities and development capacities of the province:
1- Establishment of the province in the north-south and east-west direction of the country and its impact on all aspects of development;
2- Having specialized and skilled indigenous and non-resident indigenous human capital as a complement to capital activities and stimulating capabilities;
3- Existence of numerous universities and training centers with a long history of education as centers for the production of science and technology and training of specialized human resources in the direction of knowledge-based economy;
4- A rich cultural environment with a long history as a ground for people’s participation in the development of the province;
5 – The existence of comparative advantages of some agricultural products, especially barberry and saffron and rich genetic resources of livestock;
6- Possessing historical, religious, cultural and natural capacities in the development of tourism industry;
7- Background of the region in handicrafts, especially carpets in population centers;
8- Existence of metal, non-metal mines, decorative stones and other minerals with export value;
9- The possibility of rich use of renewable energy of solar, wind and…;
10- The possibility of using the plains and the edge of the desert in livestock breeding such as camels and goats and some agricultural products;
11- Existence of a long border with Afghanistan;
12- Using the geostrategic position of the province in establishing national security;
13- Establishment of the province in the direction of Asian highways and the possibility of using international investment in the development of the region’s transportation network;
14- Establishing the center of the province in the route of air transportation in the region (international) and the possibility of developing air transportation capacities;
15- Possessing indigenous and traditional knowledge in the use of water and soil resources of the province.